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SOCIETY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL WOMEN AND CHILDREN
(S D R W C)


PROJECT: REHABILITATION MEASURES FOR THE TSUNAMI VICTIMS IN 26 FISHERMEN COMMUNITIES IN COASTAL VILLAGES OF ONGOLE DISTRICT, ANDHRAPRADESH STATE, INDIA.

Dear and respected director,

he major earth quake triggered near Sumatra island on 26th Dec 2004 morning at 6-30 hours shocked the global community; devastated human life, destroyed animals, houses, crops, boats and major loss specially to the fishing communities in almost 6 countries including India. At the same time from morning from 8-30 to 10-30 hours the Indian coastal line in Tamilnadu, Kerala and Andhrapradesh states the killer tsunami inflicted heavy damage to the fishermen communities, people living along sea shore and specially the tourists both Indian and international.

In Andhra Pradesh State the tsunami waves killed 185 people. In Ongole district out of 87 villages along the coastal line 26 villages are completely destroyed, 19 partially affected.35 people are killed 705 are missing in the ocean, wounded 1800, rendered 15,000 homeless, hundreds of animals and birds are killed, great loss to standing crops, aqua bunds, salt bunds and destruction of houses and transport and communication system. There is no safe water and power supply. There is total darkness and 26 villages are marooned in floods. People are prone to epidemic diseases like cholera, malaria, diarrhea etc., The district authorities are giving red alert to people in along 102 kilometer coastal line areas to move to safer places since Sea high waves are posing danger levels and the area is receiving continuous tremors.

The SDRWC rose to the occasion immediately and provided immediate help in 26 villages like medicine, food, safe water, clothes and temporary shelter. This is not enough, the damage is severe and many women, children and old people have no food or medical treatment. The government departments and some of the NGOs provided emergency help for drinking water, food, medicine, clothing. Please respond to our humble appeal to rescue immediately the Tsunami victims surviving in these 26 severely affected villages. You can send your money directly to the bank through checks or money orders or in kind like food or clothing or any other material useful for these displaced fishermen communities, suffering women, children, the sick and old.

We are enlisting the needed areas of help to the suffering fishermen communities. You can support any area whichever is convenient to you. You may please request the other donors whom you will know to support this cause. God will bless your nobility of mind and generosity of heart.

AMOUNT REQUESTED

For 1300 Tsunami affected families in 26 villages 351997 US $
For one Tsunami affected family 271 US $

 

Areas of Help needed for 1300 fishermen families Tsunami victims in 26 communities

Amount needed in US Dollars

1) for Medical aid 56,666 US$
2) for student support 24,444 US$
3) purchase fish nets/repair boats 144,444 US$
4) repairing huts / clear the debris 57,777 US$
5) provide drinking water 52,000 US$
6) transportation/ coordination 16,666 US$
Amount requested for the needs 351,997 US$

We count on your help. We pray and look up to you with out-stretched hands for immediate help. Do not turn away from the humble plea of the innocent victims. Considering ‘ A friend in need is a friend indeed’ we assure and stand by you for proper implementation of the rehabilitation supported by you.

If you are helping please let us know we can make necessary preparations with the our community leaders to support the needy families while it is still a need for them. May the Merciful Lord and all the saints and angels touch your hearts with fires of love for the suffering community.

Thanking you and waiting for your immediate reply.

Joseph Jayaraj
Coordinator
Tsunami relief and Rehabilitation programs
SDRWC INDIA


PROJECT PROPOSAL

(1). PROJECT PARTICULARS:-

A. PROJECT TITLE REHABILITATION MEASURES FOR NATURAL DISASTER OF TSUNAMI DESTROYED VILLAGES IN ONGOLE DISTRICT, ANDHRAPRADESH STATE, INDIA.
B. APPLICANT ADDRESS Joseph Jayaraj
Coordinator –Tsunami Relief and Rehabilitation programs
SOCIETY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF
RURAL WOMEN AND CHILDREN

Office - 87- 490
SRI NAGAR COLONY
KURNOOL-518 002
ANDHRAPRADESH STATE, INDIA.
 C. LEGAL HOLDER THE PRESIDENT
SOCIETY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF
RURAL WOMEN AND CHILDREN
D. ORGANIZATION ADDRESS S D R W C.
OFFICE - 87- 490
SRI NAGAR COLONY
KURNOOL-518 002
ANDHRAPRADESH STATE, INDIA.
E. BANK INFORMATION INDIAN OVERSEAS BANK
B – Camp
Diocese Branch
KURNOOL-518 002
ANDHRAPRADESH, INDIA.
A/C. No. ****
F. LEGAL STATUS SDRWC IS REGISTERED UNDER THE
SOCIETIES REGISTRATION ACT. XXI Of 1860.
AND IS REGISTERED IN MINISTRY
OF HOME AFFAIRS UNDER THE FOREIGN CONTRIBUTION REGULATION ACT.
Reg. No. 880/1992.
AF.C.R.A. No. 010 270 096
G. PROJECT LOCATION 26 coastal villages in ONGOLE DISTRICT
ANDHRAPRADESH, INDIA.
H. PROJECT DURATION 1 To 2 YEARS
I. AMOUNT REQUESTED For 1300 Tsunami affected families
in 26 villages

351997 US $

For one Tsunami affected family

271 US $

Areas of Help needed:- Amount needed
1) for Medical aid 56,666 US $
2) for student support 24,444 US $
3) purchase fish nets/repair boats 144,444US $
4) repairing huts / clear the debris 57,777 US $
5) provide drinking water 52,000 US $
6) transportation/ coordination 16,666 US $
Amount requested for the needs

=

351,997 US $

 

(2). ONGOLE DISTRICT AT A GLANCE -

Area(Sq.Kms) 17626
No. of Revenue Divisions 03
No. of Revenue Mandals 56
No. of Inhabited Villages 1011
Total population(2001 census) 30,54,941
Literacy Rate 57.86
Sex Ratio(per 1000 Males) 998 females
Main crops Rice, Jowar, ground nut, cotton, tobacco etc.,

BOUNDARIES AND TOPOGRAPHY OF THE DISTRICT:

  • East – Bay of Bengal
  • West – Kurnool District
  • North – Guntur District
  • South – Nellore and Cuddapah districts

The district is situated in the tropical region between 14-57’-00” to 16-17’00” Northern latitude and 78-43-00’ to 80-25-00” Eastern longitude. The central portion of the district contains large tracts of low shrubs jungle diversified with rocky hills and stony plains which is a peculiar feature of the district. Giddalur and Markapur is an upland area.

HILLS AND RIVERS: the important hill ranges in the district are the picturesque Nallamalas and the Veligondas. The Nallamalas travers the erstwhile taluks of the Giddalur and Markapur while the Veligondas are formed in the erstwhile taluks of the Giddalur and Kanigiri. These hills separate this district from Kurnool and Cuddapah district.

CLIMATE: The sea breeze (Bay of Bengal) renders the climate moderate both in winter and summer seasons climate in the coastal areas of the district. In the north coastal areas of the district, the heat in the summer is severe especially in the tracts of upland areas of the adjoining hills. The normal minimum and maximum temperatures recorded in the district are 38.2 degree centigrade and 19.7 respectively.

January, February and March months are usually pleasant with moderate wind from South West. April, May and June are the hottest months of the year. By the end of September the wind is light and pleasant forecasting the onset of North-East Monsoons. In November and December the weather is fine. District normal annual rainfall for the year is 872 mm. Agriculture activity is deplorable owing to gambling of monsoons and unreliable rainfall and much dependence on tanks and wells for irrigation.

SOILS: Red loamy, black cotton and sandy loams are the predominant soils in the district forming 51 %, 41 % and 6 % respectively over the total areas of the district. The black cotton soil is widely prevalent in 16 mandals of Ongole division. The red loams are predominant parts of kandukur and Markapur divisions largely covering 19 mndals. Sandy loams prominently exist in the mandals of chirala, vetapalem, china ganjam and ulavapadu where cashew plantations and casurina are widely grown.

FORESTRY: The total total forest area in the district is 442,500 hectares forming 25.82 % of the total geographical area. I the coastal area comprising mainly chirala, vetapalem, china ganjam, kathapatnam, singarayakonda and ulavapadu mandals have orchards abundantly grown with casurina and cashew plantations the famous nallamala forest on the west is situated mainly in giddalur, komarole, racherla, ardhaveedu, yerragondapalem and dornala mandals.

AGRICULTURE: Agriculture is the lead sector of the district economy with more than 75% of the population engaged in this activity for their livelihood. In this district 51% of the total geographical area is cultivated under different crops. The predominant crops grown in the district are Groundnut, Jowar, Sunflower, Cotton Paddy, Korra accounting for 86% of the cropped area irrigation.

IRRIGATION: In the district the area of irrigation is 551,718 acres food crops like paddy, cereals, pulses, chillies, sugarcane etc, and non-food crops like cotton, ground nut and other crops are predominant crops. Irrigation sources through Canals 33 %, lift irrigation 13 % and 15 % under tanks. Through ground water tubewells, filter points and wells constitute 39 % and rain-fed cultivation.

FISHERIES: The inland fish production in terms of 7 main species in the previous year is to the tune of 6460 tonnes displaying phenomenal increase each year. Marine fish and prawn production is to a tune of 8108 tonnes comprising 5741 and 2367 tonnes respectively under fish and pran. Marine fish consists of 22 main species while prawn with 3 species.

 

(3). LIFE SITUATION OF PEOPLE IN 45 VILLAGES OF TSUNAMI AFFECTED VILLAGES OF ONGOLE DISTRICT

The district of Ongole in Andhra Pradesh State, India is very much underdeveloped due to continuous drought, lack of water and other resources.

Most people in these 45 tsunami affected coastal villages on 26 December-2004, are traditionally fishermen communities and land less agricultural laborers. They are economically poor. Because of the presence of the Church and voluntary groups initiative, intervention and motivation, some awareness is brought among the parents to send their children to schools. Villages are thickly populated with people of Hindus, Muslims, Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and converted Christians living together.

Their development is spoken of only on papers and documents but they are economically very poor. If they make one step forward they are pulled back two steps because they are poorly organized and lack of financial resources. For generations middlemen and brokers exploit their hard labor and pay minimum money for the fish each day. A few of them have modern boats and nets but most of them live on the old boats and nets and living a dangerous life on sea waters. It is not sure whether the men will return safe their homes each day. Family awaits for their return with fear and anxiety. A fraction of moment is enough for the rough weather in sea to engulf them like this Tsunami. These families are socially, economically and politically far backward till today.

Government package programs have not reached most deserving poor fishermen. They do not have much faith on others help like government programs and welfare activities but trust in their own hard life on sea catching fish and selling every day and live on that. They have their traditional customs and culture ruling their communities than government policies and law and order. Thousands of fishermen live all along the 102 kilometers coastal line of Ongole district. They are away from government policies and welfare programs. Though government tries to do some things the returns are limited. Awareness seminars arranged for their development did not receive convincing response. Politicians have time and again divided these communities for their selfish political benefits and vote banks. The fish they catch each day is exploited by middle men and brokers for cheap rates. Since most fishermen borrow money from these brokers they are forced to sell their fish only to their controlled owners for minimum rates.

Educational facilities in these communities are minimum. Most parents take their children to the sea for dividing or drying the fish. Where the children are expected to take slate and pencil they are now venturing into the sea. Fishing is traditional work for them. Even if some parents desire to send their children to school due to irregular minimum income on fish catch they are afraid to spoil children future if they had to discontinue their studies. Some could spare money but they don’t want to educate their children and involve in the fishing activities.

Medical facilities are not in the reach for these fishing villages on the coastal lines. Even for severe fever or stomach pain they have to walk up to 10 kilometers to public health centers or district headquarters in Ongole. In 2 villages there are health centers doors always locked, some times health workers visit villages of course the people are in the sea and shore. Their health conditions are not addressed. Minimum facilities are not found in these fishing communities. Safe drinking water, access roads, drainage, proper houses, electricity are not existent in these villages. There is water everywhere in the sea but not able to get a pot of drinking water. Good water is being contaminated with sea water whenever tides rise high and enter wells and water beds. Prawn and aqua bunds becoming breeding grounds for all sorts of communicable diseases. There are no buses to some villages. The age old electric poles and wires are not replaced and continuous power failure even for street lights. In darkness their floats, boats and nets are being stolen many times and leading to street fights and deaths. The shelter homes built along sea shore have been ruined by this killer waves. They have traditional community judgements called ‘durai’ with three community elders implementing this traditional judgements officially. Disobedience will lead the culprit for social and community boycott.

In the villages we find there are 3 to 5 children in each family besides the husband and wife and their old parents. With the above said daily income the parents struggle hard to manage and maintain the needs of the family like nourishing food, clothes, shelter, medicine and education. Entertainment can never be dreamt of. All these 5 to 7 people live in one thatched congested and Un-congenial small hut, suffering all kinds of health hazards. The literacy rate among these poor families is 11%. Their ignorance, illiteracy, unending poverty still make these people underdeveloped. They are not able to save money, not able to educate their children as it would over burden them. Hence the parents always render their children from an young age as bread winners and money makers, though it is called as child labor but still these children are able to supplement and support the family and are a source of income-generating objects. The girl child is used for all purposes from her very young age as baby sitter and income supplementing agent. The birth of a girl in a poor family is considered as a curse, with a view as fortune taken away. The prejudice against women are based on traditional, cultural and societal attitude and customs. Women have less education, they get low wages for equal hours of work with men. Most of the girls baby sit their younger brothers and sisters.

(4). TSUNAMI DESTROYED 26 VILLAGES IN ONGOLE DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH STATE, INDIA.

  • ONGOLE DISTRICT - AND TOTAL DAMAGE:
    • Severely affected mandals:
      1. Chirala
      2. Vetapalem
      3. China ganjam
      4. Nagaluppalapadu
      5. Ongole
      6. Kothapatnam
      7. Tangutur
      8. Singarayakonda
      9. Vulavapadu
      10. Gudlur

There are 56 mandals in Ongole district. And all along the 102 kilometers coastal line of Bay of Bengal there are 87 coastal villages in 10 mandals. 26 coastal villages are completely damaged while 19 villages are partially damaged. Out of 13000 Dead in India 35 died in Ongole villages and 750 are missing in the Killer tidal waves that rocked Indian coastal line on 26th Sunday December-2004. Many are wounded and rendered homeless. Waves entered at Chirala in Ongole district on Sunday morning at 8-30 in the morning hours. 20 fisher men dividing the fish lot found missing. 35 died and 705 missing. 53 villages along the coastline are moved to safe zones. Prawn bounds and Aqua bunds are damaged. Other districts affected on the coastal line are: Nellore, Guntur, Krishna, East Godavari, West Godavari and Vishakapatnam.

These tsunami affected coastal communities in Ongole district are thickly inhabited by traditional fishermen. Victims sought help for the loss they suffered on Sunday 26th December when the tsunami besides killing 35 people, damaged their boats, nets, huts and assets. Some might have suffered 3,000 to 5,000 rupees each but for a poor fisherman who depends on his daily catch, this is a big loss. The crab nets, country boats of different kinds and teppas floats, were damaged as the huge tsunami attacked and even took away the fish being dried in the shores. The cost of repairs to fiberglass boats was huge than the wooden boats.

The loss of life in India due to killer tides could have been reduced if the scientific community interpreted the available data of the seismic activity could have anticipated the developments and warned the government in-time; as the waves hit the Indian coastline two hours after the Indonesian Quake. Fear continued in the coastal villages with warnings of possible aftershocks of Sunday earth quake triggering a fresh round of tidal waves. Over 18,000 people in 45 coastal villages are moved to 17 safe shelter zones opened by the district administration and NGO groups. Police have stepped up vigilance along the coast line cautioning people against venturing out to the sea and for evacuation of fishermen families. Some of the people in camps want to return back to their homes against the orders of the administration.

Killer Tidal waves damaged 45 villages in 10 mandals of the district. Colonies were swept away without trace as the giant waves turned into water graves for the men who eke out a living by the sea. Disaster flattened everything there is nothing left of it. Nearly 550 boats and 1500 nets reported destroyed. 35 people were killed.

The 26 worst hit villages wore a devastated look. Huts had disappeared and many houses had been reduced into rubble. Strewn around the landscape were household utensils, clothes, trunks broken cots, chairs and daily use articles. Sand and mud thickly formed in the houses. There were also bloated carcasses of cows, goats and fowls. Women and children who are severely wounded rushed to public health centres. No one could clearly say how many people are really missing. The survivors remain scattered in relief camps and hospitals. Local men and volunteers rescued many women and children from this ghastly tidal waves.

Nature’s fury suddenly turned tables over the lives of many a people in this district. The intervening early hours of Sunday the 26th December-2004 spelled doom and gloomy for the fishermen and low lying areas of Bay of Bengal in Ongole district. Killer Tsunami lashing the region claiming 35 deaths and 705 are missing and causing colossal loss of property in coastal parts of the district on account of tsunami waves. 257 buffaloes and 1239 sheep died. 1869 fowls and other birds died. Standing crops in coastal area is destroyed in several places causing huge damage both to the property crop and fishing boats, nets, cycles etc., Sand deposits subverted the crops in 2400 acres. Huge tidal waves inundated 45 coastal villages in Ongole district with many low lying areas and fishing colonies getting submerged in floods of sea waters. People of several villages in 10 mandals were being evacuated. Officials have initiated steps to prevent further damages. Out of 87 coastal villages 26 villages were completely marooned in sea waters and destroyed while 19 villages were partially damaged.

  • 35 died from these villages:-
  Name of the dead Sex Age Village
1. Revu Ramanamma w/o Koteswarrao F 30 Kanuparthi
2. Challapalli Ankaiah s/o Yellamanda M 43

,,

3. Vallabhaneni Swamulu s/o Subbarao M 15 Pallepalem
4. Tirupalli Kotaiah s/o Lakshmaiah M 56 Pallepalem beach
5. Danduprolu Susheela w/o Ankaiah F 40 Ongole-Gundayipalem
6. Danrapolu Lakxmi w/o Venkateswarlu F 35

,,

7. Sheik asha begum w/o Khader husen F 35 Inkollu
8. Chalam cherla Malasri d/o Venkaiah F 8 Ramapuram
9. Avula Bujji w/o Ankaiah F 45

,,

10. Koduri Arunamma w/o Kannaiaha F 60 Potti subbaiah palem
11. Avula Rajeswari d/o Yanadi F 11 ,,
12. Vayila Annapurna w/o Srinivasarao F 25 ,,
13. Buchamgari Vijay s/o Subbarao M 11 ,,
14. Buchamgari Narasaiah s/o Govindu M 7 ,,
15. Vayila Sreenivasulu s/o Chinna potaiah M 39 ,,
16. Vavilala Ankamma d/o Srinivasarao F 16 ,,
17. Konduru Tirupalu M 9 ,,
18. Vayyala Ramulammaw/o Poturaju F 40 ,,
19. Koduri Chittibabu s/o Somaiah M 35 ,,
20. Sheik Shamshad w/o dastagiri F 25 Kandukur – DIED AT PAKALA
21. Shakeela W/O Mahamoon F 35 ,,
22. Husseinbee w/o Khasimsaheb F 60 ,,
23. Ayesha d/o Moulali F 10 ,,
24. Malani Begumw/o Allabakash F 45 ,,
25. Shahanabadw/o Babu F 25 ,,
26. Sultana d/o Khalesha F 17 ,,
27. Parvenu d/o Khader basha F 5 ,,
28. Sheik Baseera d/o Noor basha F 25 ,,
29. Sheik Hasina d/o Noor basha F 4 ,,
30. Kanna Mangamma F 25 Vullapalem-
31. Kanna Swamulu w/o Tirupathi F 30 ,,
32. Gollapotu Aparna d/o Gopal F 15 ,,
33. Sreevanid/o Srinivasulu F 16 ,,
34. Gadde Venkatesverlu s/o Ankaiah M 60 ,,
35. Gollapotu Rajyam d/o Gopalam F 19 ,,

For the dead government gave immediate help to cremate the corpses. And an ex-gratia of 50,000 for the dead below 18 years and 100,000 for the deceased adults and 50 kgs rice to the victim families. Epidemic diseases and viral infections are feared spreading among the affected communities. People have nightmares spending nights in fear and trauma. Survived families are rehabilitated in churches, temples, schools, community halls and government offices. 36 emergency relief centers and 17 camps are arranged. Food, basic amenities provided. People need long lasting rehabilitation measures to make a new beginning !!!

 

SAFE SHELTERS AND RELIEF CAMPS ARRANGED AT THE FOLLOWING VILLAGES:- collector, revenue officials, NGO s are monitoring the relief activities. From Tsunami Sunday’s devastation people are slowly trying to get back to their devastated houses and properties searching for the remaining things. Nights people are away from sea shore going back to shelters arranged. Police arranged picketing and warning fishermen are not venture for fishing immediately.

Shelters   People accommodated from villages:
Pakala Pallepalem villagers
Ammanabrolu people from 4 villages
Ongole mandal shelters Gundayapalem and Chintayigaripalem, Pathapadu
Chinnaganjam Pallepalem, Turpupalem, Bapaiahnagar
Kothapatnam Gundamala,Pinnivaripalem, k.pallepalem,Padarti villages.
Madanur 490 families,
Vaddireddipalem, Gavandlapalem 270 members,
Ethamukkalapalle 520 families,
Rajupalem Pattapupalem 300 families,
Rangayapalem panchayat 150 members,
Gundamala 326 families,
Kothapatnam pallepalem 1500 memebers,
Motumala 150 members
Tangutur Tallapalem, Pasukuduru, Velagapudi, Kesupalem all people vacated houses,
Tangutur and Singarayakonda Tetupuram, Ananthavaram, Vullapalem, Pakala, Govindaraju pattapupalem, Pedda ganjam, China ganjam villagers
Pakala panchayat Pothaiah pattapupalem and Chellamma pattapupalem
Gudlur mandal 400 fishermen families from Karlapalem, Mondivaripale, Avulavaripalem, Murtimpeta, Ramayapatnam,
Hanumanthunipadu mandal Gayamvaripalle
Vetapalem mandal Karakatta
Vulavapadu mandal Battisomayyapalem, Pallepalem, Tankayachetlapalem, Pedapattapu palem, Chinapattapupalem, Pallepalem,
Chirala mandal   Vadarevu, Vijayalaxmipuram, Ananthavaram, Velagapudi, Tallapalem, Pasukuduru, Kesupalem

Special officers have been deputed to each of these mandals for relief and rehabilitation measures.2,000 rupees are granted for the cremation of each body and 50,000 for the dead below 18 years and 1,00,000 for the adult and 50 kilo rice for the victims is given to surviving family members. Promises of economic assistance and constructing houses and loans to purchase boats and nets are plenty but will it be realized a big question mark ? Authorities are promising immediate help to the victim families and monitoring the situation. Police personnel have arranged picketing in many places in case of any emergency.

Medical teams reached villages and relief camps. People of the state generously contributed. No dearth of food and water in the relief camps but the problem of permanent employment is not addressed. District administration is still in the process of enumerating the total loss caused by tsunami. There were conflicting reports of the numbers of fishermen missing and the boats and nets and the property destroyed. The tsunamis have so far claimed more than 35 lives and rendered thousands of people homeless besides disrupting road and rail transportation and communication network. Tourists are caught in flood waters at many places. Vehicles are stranded, roads are damaged, telecommunication links were totally snapped. There is no water and power supply. Bus services are affected/cancelled.

The Chief Minister Mr. Y.S.Rajashekar reddy and government administrative body visited the flood hit areas, ordered officials to provide immediate relief and adequate compensation to the victims.

Local leaders distributed relief material to the flood victims. Authorities, service organizations, political personalities made enquiries, people are in a confused state for listening to their promises and nothing comes out to support them immediately except temporary help. Preparing the . lists of the diseased- missing- fishermen boats- nets, completely destroyed houses- partially destroyed houses- animals- crops-aqua bunds, salt bunds, cycles etc., Ongole revenue divisional officers, fisheries department, district special officer on duty have taken account of full details of the losses. Ex-gratia announced for deseased below 18 years 50,000 rupees and adults1,00,000 rupees and 2,000 rupees for cremation. Ongole District suffered a great loss of about rupees 750 crores of Indian rupees. Sea calmed down. Fishermen are getting ready to go for fishing as it is their bread winner.

Impact of Relief work:- Majority of the tsunami victims in various parts of the district were discontented with the relief aid, understanding the disparities in relief measures by way of poor attention paid towards the depressed groups in a belated way and supply of remnants. The district administration has decided to distribute 25 kg rice and a liter of kerosene to the flood hit as a temporary reprieve besides paying rupees 1000 compensation for the house collapse and rupees 500 for partial damage. The survivors would be paid 500 rupees to buy utensils and clothes. Paramedical teams are active in the villages and relief centers. The victims are yet to recover from the shock resulting from the natural catastrophe. The State Government intimated the Central Government regarding the loss and requested for Rehabilitation for the victims.

 

(5). SDRWC OBSERVATIONS – ACTIVITIES IN 26 VILLAGES AND NEEDS OF THE TSUNAMI ATTACKED VICTIMS IN 26 VILLAGES:

A few NGOs working in the district like SDRWC India, Assist, AMG, RDT, CRS etc., and many small voluntary groups have extended their helping hand substantially.

SDRWC had gathered in Ongole district headquarters and divided the affected area activity program according to the need and available resources. We have pooled our own resources by raising voluntary donations, money, medicine, water, food grains, clothes, blankets and plastic tents.

We took part in the government relief programs by making use of our personnel and vehicles to reach Tsunami affected villages. We allotted our field staff / members in the paramedical teams in the relief centers and affected villages. Now our field personnel are actively engaged in relief work in 26 tsunami affected villages.

Food, water, medicine, clothes, electricity, shelter and little money to purchase necessary things are the immediate requirements of the victims.

In these 26 villages many became the victims of natural catastrophe:

Target people:

The target families belong to the fishermen communities, hindus of low income and untouchable families and muslim backward families. The women, children, handicapped, the sick and aged are badly affected in these unexpected flood fury. Many families are severely affected in these killer tidal waves. They do not have food, drinking water, clothes, medical treatment, kerosene lights or other lights. They are taking shelter in village chapels, government schools, in relative houses, some families left their villages and went to other places to make a living.

Damage:

1300 huts are totally destroyed, 1545 huts partially destroyed, food grains are washed away, few assets damaged, clothes damaged, 257 buffaloes, 1259 sheep and 1869 fowls dead, 35 people are killed. 750 members missing are feared dead in the sea. Many pregnant and lactating mothers and small babies are suffering from sickness and hunger. School going children suffered a lot as they lost their books, clothes and taking shelter in relief camps. The state government and district administration has arranged relief camps and monitoring the help to the victims. They are walking long distances with family, children and old parents to reach their relatives houses and moving to relief camps.

The destruction is huge, it will take huge amounts and long years to rehabilitate the affected communities.

SDRWC reached 26 tsunami affected villages in 10 mandals.

On 26th December morning, as soon as we learnt of the Tsunami attack on coastal villages in the district, we contacted our field staff who are working in this area to immediately visit all these affected groups and alert all the families to take precautionary measures to avoid possible dangers. Our field staff visited 26 flood affected villages and talked to the people, distributed food pockets, water, clothes, and started moving the families to safe places.

We had been working in these villages through our women empowerment programs since 3 years and it became easy for us to immediately visit the villages, talk to the affected people, look into the need and help them. We are guiding them to approach and demand help promised by the district officials. We are inviting paramedical service teams to these villages to arrange medical check-up and treatment for any out break of possible epidemic diseases.

SDRWC Facilitated-help to the killer waves affected communities:

SDRWC concentrated mainly on the fishermen communities and the vulnerable groups like women, children, sick and the aged. 26 village volunteers/animators are placed in 26 villages for monitoring the situation and to provide immediate help to them.

SDRWC provided cooking utensils, old clothes, food pockets, medicines and used blankets to 1300 families in 26 villages. Alerted people to drink only boiled water and keep in touch with nearest primary health centers for medical advice and treatment. Local leadership is boosted up to take control of the tsunami situation, cooking, water and shelter are organised with the help of relief camps and local youth. Medical teams and medical supplies are organised with the help of relief medical teams. All precautionary measures are taken and disposed the dead bodies of persons, animals and fowls to escape from disease spreading germs.

  • Village Representatives Meet to assess and monitor the Tsunami attack situation:

On 26 and 27thst December a few village elders and arrived at SDRWC field office at Ongole and discussed about the sufferings of the tsunami victims and finalise their needs and necessities in the most affected fishermen communities. A memorandum of request is submitted to the District administrative Authorities and the Welfare departments to do justice and provide enough compensation as early as possible to the kith and kin of dead persons, for the house, crop, boats and nets and property destruction, to enable them to lead a normal life again.

  Representatives participated:
from affected mandals
Volunteers
Village representatives
SDRWC
office/field staff
1. Chirala 02 02
2. Vetapalem 02 02
3. China ganjam 02 02
4. Nagaluppalapadu 02 02
5. Ongole 02 04
6. Kothapatnam 02 02
7. Tangutur 02 02
8. Singarayakonda 02 02
9. Vulavapadu 02 02
10. Gudlur 02 02
  Total participants 20

22→42 total

  • These decisions are taken in the Village Representatives Meeting:

The village representatives have come to the conclusion that the 26 most affected villages need SDRWC cooperation and support

  1. in encouraging and helping the village Tsunami affected groups to pursue and get all the government benefits promised to them. Like repairing or rebuilding their houses, provide safe drinking water, get money for the deceased in the sea waters, get help to buy cattle and other compensation for the land reclamation.
  2. SDRWC will support 26 most affected villages to →
    • Provide lasting medical treatment and health care to the sick in these villages
    • Provide books, clothes and school/tuition fee for the school going children
    • Provide money to repair damaged huts and front yards
    • Provide seed money to the fishermen groups to repair their damaged boats and buy fishing nets and start life anew
    • Provide water
    • Provide skills training to the unemployed youth

The Request of the 26 most tsunami affected communities:

The representatives of the tsunami victims desire that food, water, medical care, support to the school going age children and seed money for fishermen groups should be supported immediately. The SDRWC staff also agree with the immediate needs of the victims. But our resources are very limited, yet we are ready to be with the affected in their villages, provide little support for water and other immediate medical treatment. So we are forwarding this proposal to plead with you to support this a real need of natural disaster affected people. You can help the people for food, or water or medicine or clothes, or seed money or provide some skills training. Please be generous in your help. They need your helping hand. Right now!

26 villages x 50 families x 5 members = 6500.

We are taking into consideration 50 affected families from each village; and from 26 most affected villages 1300 families are taken for support. We calculate an average of 2 elders and 3 children for each family. And so there are 6500 total affected members in the project area. The village voluntary animators made family survey of the flood affected families in 26 villages. Three member committees are made in each village and one committee representative is elected for contacting SDRWC and government officials.

Priorities identified:

  • Flood victim - deceased - families
  • Children
  • Women
  • Sick and the aged
  • Medical aid and nutritious food
  • Repairing and purchasing fishing equipment to start life again
  • Repairing damaged huts
  • Providing water

• SDRWC Facilitates the Relief and rehabilitation Program:

SDRWC Project Staff consisting of the director, social officer in Tsunami office, 6 project coordinators and 26 voluntary animators have been facilitating the emergency relief since Sunday 26th morning to help the Tsunami affected victims to get maximum benefit. The village committee members are responsible for the proper implementation and distribution of service through rehabilitation program in these 26 villages. We put up our field office at Ongole district headquarters for proper monitoring of the program.

Tsunami Field office address:-

TSUNAMI relief and rehabilitation Programs
SDRWC INDIA Organisation
Field Office - 6-141
Srinagar colony, Kurnool road,
ONGOLE – 523 202
Andhra Pradesh State, India

Organisation Telephones:

E.MAIL: sdrwcindia_org_1992@rediffmail.com

SDRWC telephones: 0091-8518-273316

Fax: 0091-8518-272892

Tsunami Team officials Cell phone:
0091-94408-31594 - Jayaraj
0091-94402-92129 – Jones

Office telephone 0091 8592 558953

The SDRWC bears the expenses of the field staff like remuneration, food and travel, stationary and miscellaneous for this project by raising local funds. The victims will get emergency relief and compensation for the Family losses like death of family members, death of animals and birds, crop loss and house damages from the government authorities in one or two years time. We shall represent the matter with concerned authorities to get the compensation to the victim families at the earliest.

Please send the funds directly to the SDRWC Bank address:

BANK ACCOUNT NUMBER: ******
Bank code – ******
SWIFT CODE: ABA/SWIFT/0270/399/830096
Society for the Development of Rural Women and Children – SDRWC India
INDIAN OVERSEAS BANK
Diocese branch
Bishop’s House Complex
KURNOOL – 518 002
Andhra Pradesh State, INDIA

(6). The project implementation Authority:

The SDRWC office and field staff has good village network and all the needed infrastructure to carry out the project program in these tsunami affected villages. The above components will be directly implemented in 26 most affected villages with the active participation and involvement of the village fishermen representative committees, community animators and the district revenue and church authorities. Reports, photographs and financial statements will be submitted to the donor agency within 45 days time.

(7). Budget ( 1 US Dollar is equal to 45 Indian Rupees)

No PARTICULARS EXPENSES SDRWC/
LOCAL raised CONTRIBUTIONS
AMOUNT REQUESTED
In Indian Rupees In US Dollars
1

• Medicines for each family:
Rupees 2000 x 50 families x 26 villages

26,00,000 50,000 25,50,000 56,666
2

• Students support: books, clothes, tuition fee etc.,
26 villages x 50 families x 2 students x 500 rupees

13,00,000 2,00,000 11,00,000 24,444
3

• Seed money for fishermen group members for repairing and purchasing fishing boats/nets and other equipment
1 person x 50 families x 26 villages x 5000 rupees

65,00,000 xx 65,00,000 144,444
4

• For house repairs in 26 villages x 2000 rupees x 50 families

26,00,000 xx 26,00,000 57,777
5

• Providing water in 26 communities through borewells and ground level tanks costing 1,00,000 rupees

26,00,000 2,60,000 23,40,000 52,000
6

• Transportation 5 motor bikes 50,000 x 5 and a four wheeler 5,00,000

2,50,000
5,00,000
xx
xx
2,50,000
5,00,000
16,666
 

• Field staff expenses: Like food, travel, stationery, daily remuneration and miscellaneous 26 villages x 1 volunteer x 90 days x 100 rupees

2,34,000 2,34,000 XX XX
  TOTAL AMOUNT 1,65,84,000 07,44,000    
  AMOUNT REQUESTED FROM DONORS     1,58,40,000 351 997

 

Amount requested for 1300 families in 26 villages = 1,65,84,000 Indian Rupees 351997 US$
Amount requested for 1 family = 12,195 Indian Rupees 271 US$

→The donors can financially support this immediate need either by part-funding or totally funding the project. Or support any item following your organisation priority and criteria while still remembering its to support a Natural disaster caused by Earth quake of 9.0 magnitude and Tsunami affected devastated coastal fishermen communities.


The TSUNAMI attack and the estimation of damage caused to the fishermen and lost their fish trade and livelihood.
Fishermen need these amounts/equipment
to restart eking out their livelihood once again.

Serial No.

Required Fish nets or Boats Fish variety and nets

How many persons will use fishnet or boat

Quantity of fishnet required

Cost of fish net In Indian Rupees

Accessories required

Cost of Accessories in Rupees

Total amount Required for fish net or Boat
(1$ = 45 IN Rupees)

In Indian Rupees

In US Dollars

I

a)

Kanaganthala vala

For 2 fishermen

1 kilogram = 310 rupees x 10 kgs

3100

Accessories for 10 kg net

1000

4,100

91 $

b)

Royyala vala

For 2 fishermen

1 kg = 400 rupees x 4 kg

1600

Accessories like bends, ropes etc.,

1500

3,100

69 $

c)

Tella cheedalu (chanduva)

2 fishermen

1 kg = 300 rupees x 10 kg

3000

Accessories like bends and ropes etc.,

1500

4,500

100 $

d)

Nalla chanduva

2 fishermen

1 kg x 300 rupees x 12 kg

3600

Accessories like bends, ropes, stones etc.,

1500

5,100

111 $

e)

Chinese chanduva

2 fishermen

1 kg x 250 rupees x 20 kg

5,000

Accessories like bends, ropes, stones etc.,

2500

7,500

166 $

f)

Peethala vala

2 fishermen

1 kg x 250 rupees x 20 kg

5000

Accessories like ropes, bends and stones etc.,

2000

7,000

155 $

g)

Vanjaram vala

2 fishermen

1 kg x 200 rupees x 20 kg

4000

Accessories like ropes, kattalu, stones etc.,

2000

6,000

133 $

h)

China royyalu vala

2 fishermen

1 kg x 400 rupees x 4 kg

1600

Accessories like ropes, bends, stones etc.,

1000

2,600

58 $

II

Aiyla vala
With boat

50 to 80 persons in a group

 

 

 

 

300,000

6667 $

III

a)

Karrala teppa without engine

2 fishermen

 

 

 

 

5,000

111 $

b)

Karrala teppa

4 fishermen

 

 

 

 

20,000

444 $

c)

Separate Engine for karrala teppa

4 fishermen

 

 

 

 

35,000

778 $

d)

Karralateppa fixed with engine

4 fishermen

 

 

 

 

55,000

1222 $

e)

Fibre boat

5 fishermen

 

 

 

 

80,000

1778 $

f)

Engine for fibre boat

 

 

 

 

 

44,000

978 $

g)

Fibre boat fixed with engine

5 fishermen

 

 

 

 

124,000

2755 $

1 US $ = 45 INR
EXCHANGE RATE OF 1 US DOLLAR IS EQUIVALENT TO 43 INDIAN RUPEES


 

SDRWC INDIA organization profile

  • The organisation was registered on 02-September-1992
  • Registration No: 880/1992.
  • Foreign Contribution Regulation ( To receive foreign Funds for Various Programs ) Act No: 010 270 096 ( F.C. R. A. )
  • The organisation had been working among the less privileged people in villages since 1989. Our aim is while respecting the the village systems or structures try to bring grass root changes through education. We look for the steady progress and sustainable development among the less privileged women, children and the aged in villages.
  • SDRWC has its office located at KURNOOL DISTRICT head quarters. Office has 10 tables, 25 chairs, 3 file cabinets, 2 typewriters, 6 computers, 4 printers, telephones, fax, computer lab, 2 color T.V, 1video cassette player, one visual camera, one big speakers tape record, 2 motor bikes, 9 cycles, 5 mopeds, . The office has essential infrastructure and equipment.
  • There are 7 executive committee members. They are trained social workers committed for the cause.
    It has 25 trained field staff, 13 office staff, 45 part time field staff working for the different programs to develop downtrodden women and children.

• The organisation mission.

SDRWC mission is to promote health, education, women empowerment among the disadvantaged classes of Andhra Pradesh State. Since its beginning SDRWC has promoted integrated health care service as a major component in peoples development. We dream of a Socio-economic-education-cultural healthy communities. Caste ridden village structures left the disadvantaged classes without land, education, shelter or any assets. But god blessed them with good health. Poor rely on their able bodies for their survival. As long they enjoy good health people work hard and protect their families; and the diseases of any sort will ruin poor man’s family financial standards. We as poor peoples’ representative body always addressed and supported educated, financially viable healthy society for women and less privileged.

Main objectives of the Organisation:-

  • Programs for the development of women and children in rural villages.
  • Literacy programs for the less privileged.
  • Establish village community schools and orphanages.
  • Establish homes for the aged and destitute.
  • Facilitate income generating programs for village women.
  • Fight for the women rights and educate innocent, ignorant Indian village women.
  • To care for the displaced, social discriminated.
  • To start health allied programs in villages.
  • Community agriculture/ infrastructure development
  • To eradicate social evils like child marriages, untouchability etc.,

Main objectives in the past 5 years:-

  1. Promotion of Self Help groups and Women leadership training programs, Small savings and eco- regeneration.
  2. Educate devadasis – women offered to temple gods in Adoni and Kurnool divisions and Dalit women human rights awareness program.
  3. Pre-primary education and student support.
  4. Rural health and Provide safe drinking water.
  5. Land development
  6. Rehabilitate flood affected victims

The five major areas of achievements during the last 3 years.

  • Promoted Self-help groups and women leadership training programs
  • Developed primary education and supported women offered in devadasi systems
  • Provided safe-drinking water in a few water scarce low income communities
  • Rendered awareness on community health care
  • Started Integrated land development of dalith communities

The organization has gained experience in:

  • Women self-help groups formation
  • Developing education among village students
  • Providing safe drinking water to needy colonies
  • Bringing health care awareness among dalith communities
  • And planning Integrated land development among small farmers

The people and the geographical area of operation of the organization.

The SDRWC Organisation is a representation of the daliths, women and the socio-economically backward people in rural villages. It is mainly working in Kurnool, Prakasham(Ongole), Ananthapur, Rangareddy- Hyderabad districts of Andhra Pradesh State in India.

The number of persons working in office and at the community level; the job title, the nature of their responsibilities, their professional experience and the duration of their service.

SDRWC Office staff Job title/ responsibility Professional experience Service years
1 President Rural development 8
Project directors:
2 Women Women welfare 5
3 Health education MBBS Doctor 15
4 Village infrastructure Water and sanitation 5
5 Finance administrator accountant 8
6 Computer programmer computer/information 5
7 Reception/documentation Receptionist 3
8 Consultant mother-child health care 8
9-13 5 office staff working for department contacts/ and guidance 3
Field staff:
1 Literacy coordinator adult education project officer
2 Health coordinator general nursing and midwifery
3 Village animator trained social/health workers
4 ,, ,,
5 ,, ,,
6 ,, ,,
7 ,, ,,
8 ,, ,,
9 ,, ,,
10 ,, ,,
11-25 15 members are providing skills training to unemployed women

The number of volunteers that collaborate with the organization and their functions.

1 Legal aid advisor Advocate 8 years
1 Child labour rehabilitation Child labour & education 7
1 Water works engineer Ground water and supplies 12
1 Leprosy and TB eradication Rtd,DMHO,Kurnool 15
5 Health assistants Doctor/nursing students 3 years
36 volunteers are at our disposal for the rural campaign services in 2 districts 3 years

The management structure of the organization - main responsibilities at each level.

Organisational and management structure of SDRWC

SDRWC Organisation
Organization Executive Body
Administrative Office
Desk Desk Desk Desk Desk Desk Desk
Women Daliths Children Education Health Water & infrastructure Land & development Resources Training Alternate employment
The different desks and development programs come under the purview of district, revenue zone, mandal and village level development committees. Ultimately it is the village community (people) who start and complete the development process in any given community. SDRWC acts as a facilitating body which ofcourse is legally bound by the community, donor agency and the Government of India for all its responsible transactions and accountability.
-District development committee
-Mandal development committee
-Village development committee
TSUNAMI EMERGENCY/REHABILITATION CENTER-ONGOLE

The cooperation with the local government and other local organizations.

We do cooperate with the government departments and other statutory bodies. There are also church organizations like Catholic, CSI, Baptist and other ngo’s who could also support in exchanging, sharing their resources mainly in training the local communities. Because our target groups belong either to the dalith in hindu society or daliths converted to Christianity. Once the local communities are organized they will be encouraged to try and tap government resources which is the major organ in building the village infrastructure.

The cooperation with international donors during the last five years.

Funding agency Country Project purpose Years Grant sanctioned

• OPAM

Italy 1.Human rights awareness
2.Student support
1999-02
2002 +++
6817 US $
4000 $ each year

• SIMAVI

Nederlands 1.Community health care
2.Flood victims relief
1999-02
2001
23670 Dfl
9175 Dfl

• World Prayer German committee

Germany Devadasi women awareness 1999-02 54,000 DM

• Caritas Italiana

Italy Rehabilitations basivini women
Health care programs
2001-03
2004-07
30,000 €
20,000 €

• Caritas Belgium

Belgium 1.Flood relief
2.Boreholes for villagers
3.Integrated development of dalith communties
2001-02
2002-03
2004-08
10,000 €
17,038 €
80,000 €

• Wilde Ganzen

Nederlands 19 Borewells for villagers 2002 11,077 €

• Swiss League of catholic women

Switzerland Women training 2002-05 18,984 Chf

• Salvation relief action

Belgium Women organizing 2002 1500 €

• Catholic teachers association

Canada Educate orphan students From 2002 1999 $ each year

• Archdiocese of Toronto

Canada Faith formation among villagers 2003 5000 $

• Missio Austria

Austria Health care program 2003-05 16000 €

• Missio Belgium

Belgium Small Transportation vehicle 2003 1000 €

• WDP Stein,

Germany Vocational skills to street girls 2005-2007 13000 €

• Three Kings

Germany Water tank for students 1 year 5000 Euro

• Comboni missionaries

USA TSUNAMI VICTIMS 1 MONTH
2005
4000 US $

 

Villages list of TSUNAMI VICTIMS IN ONGOLE DISTRICT – Mandal Wise.

Survey conducted on TSUNAMI VICTIM COMMUNITIES IN
Ongole district, Andhrapradesh state, India.
26- December 2004 to 22 February 2005( still continuing )
By SDRWC India- Special Survey team.

No Village name Mandals
( Revenue Block)
in Ongole district
Fully damaged Partially damaged 35 Persons Died
A.

1. Batti somaiah palem

ULAVAPADU

   
 

2. Chaki cherla- palle palem

   

3. Kareedu – kotha palle palem

   

4. Alagaya palem

   

5. Jalamma palem

   

6. Tenkaya chetla palem

   

7. Kareedu – Chaitanya nagar

   

8. Pedda pallepalem

   

9. Chaki cherla- Peda pattapu palem (South)

   

10.Chaki cherla- Peda pattapu palem (North)

   

11. Ankamma palem

   

12. Chaki cherla – China palle palem

   

13.Ramaya patnam palle palem

   
B.

1. Karla palem

GUDLURU    
 

2. Avulavari palem –  Pattapu palem

   

3. Mondi varipalem

   
C.

1. Oolla palem

SINGARAYA KONDA    
 

2. Pothaiah gari palem

   

3. Bavi vadda palem

   

4. Kranthi nagar

   

5. Devaram Palle palem

   

6. Pakala palle palem

 

7. Chellemma palem

   
D.

1. Kotha patnam Palle palem South 1

KOTHAPATNAM    
 

2. Kotha patnam Palle palem South 2

   

3. Kotha patnam Palle palem North 2

   

4. Pandanuru – Pedapattapu palem

   

5. Pandanuru China pattapu palem

   

6. Raju palem – Pedapattapu palem

   

7. Vargi reddy palem

   

8. Pinnivari palem

   

9. Gundamala Peddapalem

   

10.Gundamala Peddapalem

   

11. Krupanagar (Chenchu papayipalem)

   

12.Chenchu papayipalem

   
E.

1. Thall apalem

TANGUTURU    
 

2. Pasumudra

   
F.

1. Chintayagari palem

ONGOLE    
 

2. Gundaya palem

   
G.

1. Katamgari palem

CHINA GANJAM    
 

2. Koduri vari palem

   

3. Chinaganjam Peddapalem

   

4. Thurpu palle palem

   

5. Padamata palle palem

   

6. Bapaiah nagar

   

7. Pedaganjam palle palem

   

8. Patimoga

   

9. Bagya nagar

   

10. Ramachandranagar

   

11. Kunkudu chetla palem

   

12. Nirikshana giri

   

13.Rudramamba puram

     

14. Jeedi chetla palem

   
H.

1. Chinnanga vari palem

NAGULUPPALAPADU    
 

2. Mekala Somaiah Vari palem

   

3. Kanaparthi palle palem

 

4. Rajiv colony (ST)

   

5. Vinoda rayuni palem

 

6. Govinda rajulu palem

   

7. Ankamma sala

   
I.

1. Rama Chandra puram

VETAPALEM    
 

2. Utukuri palem

   

3. Katam Lingaya palem

   

4. Tenkaya chetla palem

   

5. Potti subbaiah palem

 

6. Kathari palem

   

7. Ramapuram

   
J.

1. Chirala odarevu

CHIRALA    
 

2. Pakala

   

3. Chinna barapa

   

4. Pedda barapa

   

5. Vijayalakshmi puram