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To: "SVD webmaster SVD" <webmaster@svdcuria.org>
Date: 01 Jun 2005, 06:30:30 AM
Subject: nouvelles de Misna

TOGO 1/6/2005 15:11

CRISE POLITIQUE: L'UNION AFRICAINE NOMME SES MÉDIATEURS

Politics/Economy, Brief

'Union Africaine a nommé l'ex-président zambien Kenneth Kaunda envoyé spécial de l'organisme au Togo pour faciliter le dialogue entre le gouvernement du président Faure Gnassingbé, élu aux élections contestées du 24 avril, et l'opposition. Le climat dans le pays est encore très tendu, bien que depuis son investiture, Faure Gnassingbé - fils du défunt président-patron Étienne Gnassingbé Éyadéma - a cherché à rencontrer les leaders de l'opposition. La note de l'UA de ce matin indique aussi que le Sénégalais Mame Madior Boye a été nommé chef d'une mission d'observation spéciale qui sera bientôt envoyée dans la capitale, Lomé, se rendre compte de la situation à tous les niveaux, y compris au niveau des droits de l'Homme. Le président de la Commission de l'UA, Alpha Oumar Konaré, a été l'une des voix les plus critiques lors du passage de pouvoir "forcé" advenu au lendemain de la mort d'Éyadéma père, début février quand les leaders de l'armée avaient nommé son fils président après une habile modification de la Constitution.

[CC]

TOGO 1/6/2005 13:45

POLITICAL CRISIS: AU PROCEEDS MEDIATION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND OPPOSITION

Politics/Economy, Standard

he African Union (AU) has named Zambia's former President Kenneth Kaunda as its special envoy to Togo, with the mandate of facilitating dialogue between the government of President Faure Gnassingbe, elected in the strongly contested vote, and the opposition. Tension remains extremely high in the nation, despite the series of meetings with the parties of the minority held by Faure Gnassingbe since taking office, confirming an apparent will to proceed in the formation of a government of national unity. In a statement issued this morning, the AU also refers to have named Senegal's former premier Mame Madior Boye as head of an observer mission that will be sent soon to Togo's capital of Lome "with the mandate of assessing the political, social, security and humanitarian developments as well as the human right situation in Togo". The special observation mission was wanted by AU Commission Chairman Alpha Oumar Konaré, among the most critic voices of the forced and unconstitutional procedure in which, a few hours after the death of president Gnassingbe Eyadema (in power for 38 years), military commanders placed in office the son, Faure Gnassingbe. Konaré was infact among the first to speak openly of a "coup" and "masquerade", a stand then followed by a large part of the international community, forcing Faure to step down and run for office as candidate in the May election, which 'officially' appointed him as President of Togo. The results of the vote were widely contested by the opposition and shortly after the issuing of the final outcome (Faure obtaining over 60% of votes) violent clashes broke out between security forces and opposition supporters, according to the local Human Rights League resulting in 800 dead and 4,500 injured. The violence also caused some 30,000 to seek refuge in neighbouring Benin and Ghana. Already in the past days the AU Commission Chairman had expressed intention to play a key role in the Togolese mediation, underlining that at this point of the crisis the only possible path is the formation of a government of national unity. Meetings were held over the past weeks between members of the opposition and Faure Gnassingbe, but without any practical decisions, though based on indiscretions the appointing of a prime minister from the opposition lines may be imminent.

[BO]

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