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L'appel financier de l'ONU pour les réfugiés du Togo reste sans réponse significative
(Centre de nouvelles de l'ONU, 14 juin 2005)
Plus de quatre semaines après le lancement d'un appel de fonds d'urgence pour le Bénin, qui vise à recueillir une somme de 5,95 millions de dollars sur une période de six mois, il apparaît qu'une fois de plus, un appel des Nations Unies en faveur d'une crise africaine n'a pas mobilisé la communauté internationale de donateurs, indique la Coordination humanitaire de l'ONU.
«Le Bénin accueille actuellement 21 000 réfugiés togolais, dont presque la moitié sont des enfants. Afin de répondre à leurs besoins, le gouvernement du Bénin et la Coordination humanitaire de l'ONU, ont lancé le 13 mai dernier un appel d'urgence pour une aide humanitaire. À ce jour, aucune réponse n'a été donnée à la procédure d'appel global», indique le Bureau
Togo: Crisis Funding Falls Short As Refugees Continue Arriving in Benin
UN News Service (New York)
June 14, 2005
A $5.95 million six-month emergency appeal, launched more then four weeks ago to respond to the Togolese refugee crisis, has thus far failed to garner significant interest from international donors even as refugees continue arriving daily in neighbouring Benin, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs(OCHA) said today.
The crisis began more than six weeks ago when disputed presidential elections prompted the first wave of displacements, the OCHA statement said.
Benin is currently housing some 21,000 Togolese refugees - nearly half of them children. To meet their needs, the Government of Benin, together with the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, called for urgent humanitarian assistance on 13 May 2005. But to date there has been no response under the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP), OCHA said.
CAP is an emergency response programme cycle used by agencies working with relevant authorities at field level, coordinated by the UN, and supported by donors, to give people in need the best available protection and assistance when they need it most.
Some support has materialized outside the CAP however. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has reported that the European Commission Humanitarian Office (ECHO) has committed 1.05 million euros to its work. However, UNHCR has already had to allocate $1.5 million from its operational reserves to meet refugee requirements, the OCHA statement said.
It said outside contributions have also been recorded for Egypt, France and Sweden.
Togo: UN Human Rights Team Begins Two-Week Inquiry Into Alleged Abuse
June 14, 2005
Six investigators dispatched to Togo by UN Human Rights Commissioner Louise Arbour have begun a probe into allegations of killings, torture, abductions and political persecution in the aftermath of a disputed April presidential election.
The team, which includes a forensic expert, plans to meet government officials, political parties, refugees, alleged victims "and anyone who wants to talk to us" during its two-week inquiry which began on Monday, one of its members told IRIN.
More than 36,000 people claiming to fear for their lives have fled Togo since the 24 April presidential poll. And more than seven weeks after the vote, at least 50 are still crossing daily over the border into Benin, according to the UN refugee agency (UNHCR).
The refugees allege that people suspected of backing the opposition are even now being abducted and persecuted, the agency said.
A diplomatic source told IRIN that the UN team had been sent in to investigate following appeals from the African Union and the international community to clarify allegations ranging from dozens to hundreds of deaths in political violence, as well as other rights abuse.
Political tension has been high in the tiny West African country since the election, which the opposition says was rigged to allow a father-to-son transition that handed presidential office to Faure Gnassingbe when Gnassingbe Eyadema died after 38 years in power.
In a statement, the UN rights investigators said they aimed to "establish the circumstances leading to alleged human rights violations" between 5 February, when Eyadema died, and 5 May, when his son was sworn into office.
Gnassingbe, a 39-year-old US educated former businessman and cabinet minister who has been under pressure from regional leaders to shore up the country's democratic credentials, has also ordered a domestic probe into the violence triggered by the poll that brought him to power.
The Togolese commission of inquiry, which has three months to deliver its findings, is headed by Joseph Kokou Koffigoh, a former prime minister, lawyer and human rights activist. It is to determine the circumstances of the violence, evaluate losses and launch legal proceedings against those found responsible.
The 10-member commission includes members of two Togolese human rights groups, one of which has said 58 people died in the country's post-election violence, while the other put the death toll at 790.
The UN team is expected to meet with members of the Togo commission, a Geneva-based spokesman for the UN Human Rights Commissioner said.
The UN investigators are to travel inside the country as well as to neighbouring Benin and Ghana to meet refugees and are due to meet imminently with newly named Prime Minister Edem Kodjo, a moderate who briefly served as prime minister in the mid-1990s under Eyadema.
One of Kodjo's first tasks will be to oversee a new High Commission for Refugees and Humanitarian Action aimed at repatriating the exiles.
Faure Gnassingbe's government has urged them to return, promising "pardon" and "possible compensation".
Meanwhile, although small Benin is struggling to accommodate the Togolese exodus, the international community has largely failed to respond to an appeal to help the 21,640 refugees living there in camps or with family and friends.
In a statement from UN offices in New York on Tuesday, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said that more than four weeks after the launch of a call for US $5.95, "yet another UN appeal for an African crisis has failed to garner significant interest from the international donor community."
[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]
Une mission du Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies aux Droits de l'Homme attendue au Togo
LOME, (XINHUANET) -- Une mission du Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies aux Droit de l'Homme attendu lundi au Togo, indique lundi la presse indépendante locale, citant un communiqué de cette institution.
Mise sur pied par le Haut Commissariat aux Droits de l'Homme, Louise Arbour, cette mission vient enquêter sur des allégations de violations des droits de l'homme qui se seraient produites au Togo entre le 5 février et le 5 mai de cette année. Ses investigations devraient durer deux semaines.
Dirigé par l'expert des droits de l'homme, Doudou Diène, et composé des fonctionnaires en la matière ainsi que de médecins légistes, la mission devra évaluer la question des droits de l'homme avec le déroulement des élections présidentielles du mois d'avril dernier, vérifier les informations relatives aux violations de ces droits et rassembler les informations sur les responsables, précise la presse indépendante locale citant toujours le communiqué du Haut Commissariat.
L'équipe des enquêteurs rencontrera des responsables gouvernementaux ainsi que des représentants de la société civile, et s'entretenir avec des témoins et d'autres personnes dont les droits auraient été violés, notamment les réfugiés togolais au Bénin et au Ghana voisins.
Rappelons que le président élu du scrutin du 24 avril dernier Faure Gnassingbé a déjà mis sur pied une commission nationale d'enquête sur des violences meurtrières qui ont émaillé cette période électorale. Fin
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