Institute of Missiology and Communications
Pune – India
January – 2010
Australia: Catholic Church well represented at Parliament of the World’s Religions
The Catholic Church in Australia was well-represented at the Parliament of the World’s Religions, a five yearly event that was held in Melbourne this year. Abp. Denis Hart, Bp. Brian Finnigan, Bp. Christopher Prowse, Bp. Peter Elliot, Bp. Michael Putney as well as Cardinal Theodore McCarrick were all present at different stages. Large numbers of Catholic religious and lay people from around the world also participated. Among others, Fr. Antony Kalliath CMI and Fr. Dominic Emmanuel SVD were delegates from India. Fr. Dominic made a power point presentation on “The Theory of Dialogue” (catholic.org.au).
Rome: International Meeting of Priests in Rome
An international meeting of priests will be held in Rome from 9 to 11 June at the conclusion of the Year for Priests launched by Benedict XVI. At least 5 thousand priests from all continents are expected to participate in it. Over the three days in June, priests will have the opportunity to deepen themes that have already emerged as the guidelines of the Year for Priests. Pope Benedict XVI described the Year for the Priest as “the time to help promote the involvement of interior renewal for all priests so they may give a more powerful and effective witness to the Gospel in today’s world” (asianews.it).
Global: Climate Change Deal Marks an ‘Essential Beginning’
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon welcomed the climate change deal reached by world leaders at a United Nations summit in Copenhagen, calling it an “essential beginning” that contains progress on all key fronts, but adding that work must now focus on turning the deal into a legally binding treaty. Delegates representing 194 countries attending the Copenhagen conference agreed overnight to work towards implementing an accord forged by some world leaders after two weeks of marathon negotiations in the Danish capital.
“The Copenhagen Accord may not be everything that everyone hoped for, but this decision of the Conference of the Parties is a beginning,” said Mr. Ban. He acknowledged that the current commitments offered by countries fail to meet the scientific bottom line. To stave off the worst effects of global warming, industrialized countries must slash emissions by 25 to 40 per cent from 1990 levels by 2020, and global emissions must be halved by 2050. “We still face serious consequences…but it is a step in the right direction,” he said (un.org).
Vatican: Environmentalism is Part of Promoting Peace
Pope Benedict XVI said that the degradation of the environment is a pressing moral problem that threatens peace and human life itself. “We cannot remain indifferent to what is happening around us, for the deterioration of any one part of the planet affects us all,” the pope said in his message for World Peace Day on 1 January 2010. The pope also said that the Government policies, the activity of multinational corporations and the day-to-day behaviour of individuals all have an impact on the environment. While the future of the world hangs in the balance because of what people are doing today, the negative effects of pollution and environmental exploitation already can be seen. “Can we remain indifferent before the problems associated with such realities as climate change, desertification, the deterioration and loss of productivity in vast agricultural areas, the pollution of rivers and aquifers, the loss of biodiversity, the increase of natural catastrophes and the deforestation of equatorial and tropical regions?” the pope asked (catholicnews.com).
Vatican: Official calls for ‘New Thinking’ to address Climate Change
The world must confront its current moral crises, ranging from hunger to environmental destruction, with “discernment and new thinking,” said the head of the Vatican delegation to the United Nations climate change conference. Abp. Celestino Migliore invited delegates during a plenary session to “a new and deeper reflection on the meaning of the economy and its purposes, and a profound and far-reaching revision of the model for development, to correct the malfunctions and distortions.”
The archbishop’s address in Copenhagen came as negotiations slowed on a climate change pact to build upon the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which obligated industrialized countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by a specific amount every year through 2012. No agreement had been reached the conference’s final day. Archbishop Migliore cited Pope Benedict XVI’s recent encyclical Caritas in Veritate and his 2010 World Peace Day message, both of which addressed the need for future generations to respect the environment and for world leaders to adopt laws and policies that respect the lives of all people (catholicnews.com).
India: Eminent Theologian’s Death Mourned
“No theologian has surpassed Fr. Neuner in India,” Abp. Albert D’Souza of Agra told about 1,500 mourners who attended the funeral Mass for the late Jesuit Fr. Joseph Neuner. Fr. Neuner, a prominent figure at the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) and a spiritual director of Bl. Teresa of Kolkata, died on 3 December at the age of 101. He was buried the following day at the cemetery of Jnana-Deepa Vidyapeeth (JDV), the pontifical seminary in Pune, where he had taught for several decades.
Fr. Job Kozhamthadam, JDV president, remarked in his eulogy at the funeral Mass in the seminary chapel that a great tradition of theology in India ended with his fellow Jesuit’s death. Austrian-born Fr. Neuner always sought new ways to serve the Church and society in India, the country he adopted in 1938. “His goal was to build up an Indian Church with a genuinely Indian Christian theology,” Fr. Kozhamthadam explained. He spent seven years in prison camps in India during the Second World War, since he had come from a German-speaking country. However, he used the time to study Sanskrit, Hindu scriptures such as the Bhagavad Gita, the Upanishads and Indian philosophical systems.
Fr. Neuner also inspired generations of priests and religous with his teachings, retreats and guidance. These included Bl. Teresa and her congregation as well as members of the Helpers of Mary congregation and various secular institutes. According to Fr. Job, the Indian Church credits Fr. Neuner for helping its smooth transformation from the old “colonial Church to the genuinely Indian Church.” This he did mainly through JDV, formerly the Pontifical Athenaeum, set up in Kandy, Sri Lanka, in 1893. It shifted to Pune in 1955; eight years after India became independent (ucanews.com).
India: IGNOU-CBCI Chair Holds Second Mother Teresa Memorial Lecture
The Second annual Mother Teresa Memorial Lecture organized by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) and the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of India (CBCI) was held at IGNOU Convention Centre, New Delhi, on 21 December 2009. The keynote address was delivered by Election Commissioner of India and biographer of Mother Teresa, Shri Navin Chawla, on the theme Electoral Democracy in India. He emphasized that the spirit and values of Mother Teresa has influenced him in addressing the many problems that he encounters in the process of carrying out his work. Archbishop Thomas Menamparampil SDB, Chairman, CBCI Commission for Education and Culture, spoke of concern for others as the heart of religious faith. “We need Mother Teresas of action. We need Mother Teresas of spiritual depth”, he said.
CBCI and IGNOU signed a Memorandum of Understanding and established the CBCI-IGNOU Chair to promote studies in the areas of Family Education, Social Work, HIV/AIDS, Philosophy etc. The Chair has done commendable work during the nine years of its existence.
In 1979, Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, “for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace.” When Mother Teresa received the prize, she was asked, “What can we do to promote world peace?” She answered “Go home and love your family.” Building on this theme in her Nobel Lecture or Acceptance Speech of the Nobel Peace prize, she said: “Around the world, not only in the poor countries, but I found the poverty of the West so much more difficult to remove. When I pick up a person from the street, hungry, I give him a plate of rice, a piece of bread, I have satisfied. I have removed that hunger. But a person that is shut out, that feels unwanted, unloved, terrified, the person that has been thrown out from society – that poverty is so hurtable and so much, and I find that very difficult” (cbcisite.com).
Iraq: Christmas quiet for Christians
Christian leaders in Iraq urged their people to have a quiet Christmas this year not to offend the majority Muslims in the country. Chaldean Bishop Imad al-Banna of Basra asked Christians “not to display their joy, not to publicly celebrate the feast of Nativity” to avoid offending Iraq’s Shiite community, whose Ashura holiday falls two days after Christmas this year. This year, with Christmas falling so close to Ashura, Church officials in Baghdad and other cities said that they received warnings of attacks, forcing them to limit services to indoors and caution followers to keep family gatherings discreet. “We are in solidarity with the people in Basra,” said Abdel Ahad, pastor of Baghdad’s Syrian Catholic Church. “We are afraid. We need to stop the bloodshed. We are going to do our prayers, but we will not celebrate.” Hundreds of thousands of Christians remain in Iraq, but many live in isolated enclaves. Abp. Sako said that 10,000 Christians have fled Kirkuk in the past three months, and church officials in Basra have reported that the Christian community there has halved to about 2,500 people because of militia attacks (CRIB-Dec. 16, 2009).
India: Churches urged to end ‘Sheep Stealing’
Abp. Leo Cornelio of Bhopal, chairing the meeting organized by the archdiocese’s commission for ecumenism and dialogue, urged the participants to refrain from trying to attract members of other Churches to their own. This creates divisions among Churches, he noted. The archbishop also appealed for all denominations to refrain from badmouthing one another or other religious communities, especially during preaching, since this violates Christ’s teaching of love, harmony and peace. Abp. Cornelio said that no official survey has been conducted so far, but “it is very visible and threatening to Church unity.” He said there is also a worrying trend of small Church groups suddenly appearing in the state. These preach against other groups and then disappear quickly, leaving “enough fodder for trouble.” He said the main victims of these groups are the mainstream Churches (ucanews.com).
USA: Bus Ads Aim to attract Lapsed Catholics in Dallas
During Christmas, the Diocese of Dallas had launched a campaign to bring lapsed Catholics back into the Church. One part of the outreach involved bus ads with the message: “Catholics come home for Christmas.” “When I travel around the diocese, I have so many people tell me that their wife or husband or parents or kids have abandoned their church or faith,” Bishop Kevin Farrell explained to the Dallas Morning News on Sunday. “They’re always asking me what we can do about it.” The recent bus ads are part of the larger Catholics Come Home for Christmas campaign which “is an appeal from the Diocese of Dallas” to “welcome all inactive Catholics to return to the Faith,” the diocesan website says. “No matter if you’ve been away from the Church for only a brief period of time or for many years, the important thing that I want you to know is that all of us are praying that during this special time of the year, this Christmas season, you will think about coming home to the Catholic Church,” Bishop Farrell said in a video message (catholicnewsagency.com).
Asia: Religious Grapple with Human Rights and Modern Culture
The rights of women Religious and their equality in dignity with men Religious and priests should be respected, says the final statement of a recent FABC symposium on consecrated life. The symposium organized by the Office of Consecrated Life of the Federation of Asian Bishops’ Conferences, was held in Hua Hin, Thailand from 16-21 November 2009. The recently released statement also stressed that a greater commitment to fostering human rights within religious congregations and the Church as a whole should be made. About 60 men and women Religious, including several bishops, attended the symposium, which had the theme, “The Impact of Today’s Culture on the Church, Especially as Regards Consecrated Life in Asia Today.” Participants discussed the impact of modern culture on Religious life in Asia, and discussed issues ranging from social justice and moral relativism to social communication and spirituality (ucanews.com).
Korea: Parish Progresses from Altar Boys to ‘Altar Families’
A parish in Korea now has entire families as altar servers during Mass, a move that family members say has strengthened their bonds and deepened their faith in a special way. “I was surprised when our parish priest asked me and my whole family to serve as an ‘altar family.’ I had never heard of this before,” said Athanasius Kim Gi-ho, who instructs altar servers at Nammok Church in Pusan diocese. He and his two sons had assisted priests separately as altar servers in the past, but not his wife. So his family had to practice a bit for a few days before serving at Mass together. When the Mass was over, parishioners gave them a round of applause, Kim recalled. “I have never been so honoured and I was so proud of my family,” the parish council member said (ucanews.com).
Laos: Youth Ministry Struggles on with Few Leaders
Poverty and a lack of committed and full-time Church workers are the two biggest challenges that young Laotian Catholic youth leaders say they face in their work. Many young people in the towns lack a focus or aim in life, and are generally uninterested in Church activities, said Ekalath Vilay, a full-time youth worker for Savannakhet vicariate, based in Thakhek, central Laos. On the other hand, people in the villages cannot afford to go to school, much less think of catechism and youth activities, he added. A 21-member Laotian delegation attended the recent Fifth Asian Youth Day event in the Philippines from 20-27 November. Catholics make up less than 1 percent of their predominantly Buddhist country’s 5 million people (ucanews.com).
Vietnam: The End of Dalat’s Seminary
Dalat’s Pontifical College in Vietnam will be demolished and the place converted into a public park. For almost twenty years the Jesuits taught in the college which served as a central seminary for the Church in Vietnam. Around the Seminary was one of the best botanic gardens in the whole Asia, built by Italian missionary Bro. Muò. In 1975, with the so-called “liberation” of South Vietnam by the communist, the seminary was seized by the government. At the end of November the Vietnamese Episcopal Conference President announced that “he and other bishops including the archbishops of Hanoi, Hue and Hochiminhville, had failed to stop the demolition.” After listing all petitions made to Vietnam government during the years, he added: “The Collegium Pontificium is so dear to the heart of bishops and priests in Vietnam. It’s a living memory of many. 14 priests who have graduated from here were ordained as bishops and many of them are still governing dioceses in Vietnam” (sjweb.info/news).
Obama, Gandhi, Jesus: Realism and Non-Violence by Francis X. Clooney, S.J.
As you know, President Obama gave his Nobel Prize speech the other day in Oslo. It is a fine and thoughtful speech, well worth our meditation, so be sure to read it. It should make us proud that we have this very intelligent and insightful man as our president.
I worry, though, that his intelligent words, quite appropriate for a man who strove very hard to become president of the United States, might seem to count as universal common sense of the sort that sidelines radical non-violence. Yes, he returns several times over to the heritage of Mahatma Gandhi (who was never awarded the prize) and the Rev. Martin Luther King (who did receive it), with great respect. But in the heart of his speech, he also looks beyond their wisdom, as if he is the greater realist.
The President said, “We must begin by acknowledging the hard truth that we will not eradicate violent conflict in our lifetimes. There will be times when nations — acting individually or in concert — will find the use of force not only necessary but morally justified. I make this statement mindful of what Martin Luther King said in this same ceremony years ago: ‘Violence never brings permanent peace. It solves no social problem: It merely creates new and more complicated ones.’
As someone who stands here as a direct consequence of Dr. King’s life’s work, I am living testimony to the moral force of non-violence. I know there is nothing weak, nothing passive, nothing naive in the creed and lives of Gandhi and King. But as a head of state sworn to protect and defend my nation, I cannot be guided by their examples alone. I face the world as it is, and cannot stand idle in the face of threats to the American people. For make no mistake: Evil does exist in the world. A non-violent movement could not have halted Hitler’s armies. Negotiations cannot convince al-Qaidas leaders to lay down their arms. To say that force is sometimes necessary is not a call to cynicism — it is recognition of history, the imperfections of man and the limits of reason.”
To a large extent, Gandhi would have agreed with this sentiment, and the President is quite honest about his respect for proponents of non-violence. Gandhi knew about realism; he had, after all, helped the British (albeit in non-violent ways) in World War I, and favoured the Allies in World War II. Yet he was also clearly sceptical about well-intentioned realists who do use violence, even reluctantly, to fight evil. Sensitized to the Indian doctrine of karma, perhaps, he knew that violence leads to more violence, in the long run.
My guess – since I am not a Gandhi expert either – is that he would admire President Obama’s thoughtful position, but also argue that those of us who have not chosen to be politicians and political leaders can do better: We are the ones who can and will not stand idle in the face of evil, letting others fight in our place. We, who are not politicians, can dare to be more radically non-violent, drawing on a greater realism and deeper Truth (in satyagraha), to face down the lies, cowardice, concealed systemic oppressions that are the perfect breeding ground for the overt violence that gains headlines only once in a while.
The inconvenience with Gandhi’s position, of course, is that it is not radical merely at the moment when violence erupts, but long before that. If we wish to be non-violent, we need to find ways to live radically truthfully, without security, rejecting the comfortable ways in which societies such as ours hide injustice and oppression. We have to be bolder in refusing to live in peace — while others fight wars on our behalf. As if to say: if you can do only so much, then be a political leader; if you are capable of more, leave aside political and military power and practice non-violence as a way of life.
I think Gandhi, whose views I have merely sketched vaguely here (and I welcome comments from expert readers), is more right than President Obama. Yet I close with two other comments. First, my own position is contradictory, since I do not practice what I preach (or blog). I live in a very nice section of Cambridge, MA, and I would be shocked if someone broke into my Jesuit house or my office and started taking things or threatening me — and it would be a great shock too if the police did not come, guns in hand, to protect me and save my body and my books. It is easy to imagine being personally non-violent when others carry the guns. So the harder issue is, if I agree with Gandhi (or the Reverend King, or Dorothy Day) more than the President, what are the implications for the life of the Jesuit scholar? How does a Jesuit and Harvard professor live out radical non-violence, while still a professor? How do you, my reader, live out radical non-violence at work, at home?
Second, it is interesting to note that the President, while mentioning Rev King, Gandhi and others, never refers to Jesus. This is understandable, I suppose, given the audiences that Presidents have to address; the President is not, thankfully, chief preacher of the United States. But we here at the America blogsite cannot get off the hook so easily. I think I am right in saying the following: Jesus, the ultimate realist, would not drop bombs on Al Qaeda hideouts; would not have gone to war against Hitler; would not shoot someone breaking into his house; would not, did not, fight even to save his own life. He would, however, keep confronting violence close-up, letting the truth be known and secret systems of wickedness be uncovered; he would keep turning the other cheek, and when necessary die again, in vulnerable love, in the face of violence. Such is Life: imitatio Christi.
While we may be secretly glad that Jesus is not President or in charge of security in the towns where we live, and while we may honestly thank God for our very good young president, if we are serious about our Faith, we know deep down that it is not one government or another, whatever its philosophy, that will save the world, but rather this Jesus who refused to take up arms, who died at the hands of his oppressors. Isn’t this the Truth that sets us free? (americamagazine.org/blog).
Science-Religion Dialogue in the World of Nanoscience
The twenty first century arguably is the century of nanotechnology with amazing scientific breakthrough and immense technological possibilities. Experts predict that in the coming years leadership in nanotechnology will decide leadership in the international economic front. Like all developments in science and technology, nanoscience and nanotechnology is a mixed-bag with beneficial and non-beneficial items. In order to understand better what this new development is and how it impacts humans and society, particularly how it affects well-established ethical values and religious principles, an international symposium was organized by Indian Institute of Science and Religion (IISR) and Tilak Maharashtra University of Pune, in collaboration with Jnana-Deepa Vidyapeeth Pune, Ahmednagar College Ahmednagar and Hislop College Nagpur from 1-5 January 2010 at Avion Holiday Resort, Lonavla.
The theme of the international symposium was “Science-Religion Dialogue in the World of Nanoscience: The Encounter between the Mastery of Science and the Mystery of Religion.” More than 135 participants, mostly university/college professors/lecturers and postgraduate students, from various parts of India and some from abroad, took part in this special academic event. Sixteen speakers coming from different branches of science, philosophy, theology, belonging to different religions, presented well-prepared, much appreciated papers. Each presentation was accompanied by a question-answer session. Daily group discussions and the open forum after dinner were the other special features of this international symposium.
The participants were unanimous in welcoming the developments in nanoscience and nanotechnology because of its salubrious application to wide-ranging areas – medical, industrial, agricultural, etc. At the same time they called for caution and discretion in the use of these nanoproducts since their long-range effects are not yet assessed.
With regard to science and social responsibility, there was consensus that science and scientists have social and moral responsibility. However, the exercise of this responsibility calls for a two-way process. Scientists need to show transparency in their work and findings, and be prompt in communicating them to the public. On the other hand, the public should take pains to get the correct information. The academic world and the media need to play an important role in this process of bringing awareness. There needs to be an ongoing debate on the issues involved.
On the question of whether the mastery of science would lead to the elimination of the mystery of religion, and along with it religion itself, it was pointed out that although science has made remarkable strides in its efforts to resolve mysteries and establish mastery over nature, it is nowhere close to attaining that mastery. History of science shows that when one mystery is solved, many other surface. Furthermore, even if all the mysteries were to be satisfactorily resolved, religion will continue to attract and engage humans, since the principal purpose of religion is to help humans find meaning and direction in life and in the world, and science by its very nature is inadequate to play this role.
Concerning the need and relevance of science-religion dialogue, the participants agreed that today more than ever there is a pressing need for creative and constructive dialogue since, thanks to recent developments in science and technology, particularly in nanotechnology, the gulf between science and religion is widening, and this needs to be bridged. For furthering fostering this dialogue the participants suggested organizing awareness sessions in their own institutions, follow-up seminars, essay competitions, publications in college magazines, etc. They all felt that this symposium experience was a truly enriching one, and expressed the desire to have more such symposia in the future.
Archbishop Cheenath calls for Building Harmony
A new church at Simonbadi in troubled Kandhamal was blessed and inaugurated by Abp. Raphael Cheenath of Cuttack-Bhubaneswar on December 10, in the presence of more than 3,000 faithful. “This beautiful church is built of bricks, cement, metal and sand. The same way, the people of different faiths should live together in harmony as one community,” exhorted Abp. Cheenath in his homily during the first Mass in the new church. Symbolizing the patriotism of the Christians, the first item that was brought during the solemn offertory was the national flag followed by the papal flag, a model of the new church building as well as a plaque commemorating the Kandhamal conflagration. “We are very proud that we have a beautiful and spacious church,” remarked Bhidhar Digal, an elderly parishioner of Simonbadi (SAR News).
Missionary Sisters of Mary Help of Christians Crosses 1000 mark
8 December 2009 will remain a red letter day for the congregation of the Missionary Sisters of Mary Help of Christians and especially the Mother General, Sr. Mary Thadavanal, as she rejoiced with the 29 sisters who committed themselves perpetually in the congregation, and the 40 sisters who made their first profession as they celebrated the feast of Mary Immaculate. The growth of the congregation has been phenomenal. The charism of the founder has found expressions in various fields of apostolate from visiting families to dispensaries, from schools, colleges to the University, from shelter homes to formation houses. The joy is definitely multiplied by the hundreds of thousands of women and children who reap the benefits of their work (donboscoindia.com).
“A Second Freedom Struggle”
A Catholic ascetic, a Hindu reformist leader and the Catholic Religious have come together to launch what they call “a second freedom struggle” to liberate India from its social and moral ills. Swami Sachidananda Bharti, said that his dream is to “work for peace, harmony and progress” of India along with like-minded people and organizations. Swami Bharti, a former Indian Air Force officer, was born Christian but remained an atheist for years. He changed after a close encounter with death in an air accident in 1982. He says he was saved by “some supreme power.” His search for that power led him to Jesus. Swami Agnivesh, chairperson of Bandhua Mukti Morcha (bonded labour liberation front), said that he would be happy to work with Swami Sachidananda Bharti and CRI for a social change. Swami Sachidananda Bharti said that he wants to join with Swami Agnivesh “who is already in the field” and the CRI members who run thousands of schools and medical facilities across India, especially in villages (UCAN News).
1. Ponnumuthan, Selvister and Jerman Shaji, Mission and Conversion: Towards a New Ecclesiology, Bangalore: Asian Trading Corporation, 2008, pp. 508. (Rs. 280/-)
This book is a research into the biblical, theological, missiological, canonical, historical and pastoral dimensions of the liberative mission of the Church, which is a collaborative effort of great scholars in the above said fields of theology. It will enlighten the readers to have a right perspective of the mission of the church and to commit oneself totally in the liberative mission of Jesus.
2. Honeygosky, Stephen, (ed.), Religion and Spirituality: Bridging the Gap, London: Twenty-Third Publications, 2006, pp. 148. ($ 16.95) (Available at St. Pauls, Mumbai).
The book explores how the split between religion and spirituality occurred over the past few centuries, and verifies how the situation is clearly evident today, especially with young adults.
3. Bamat, Thomas ad Wiest Jean-Paul, (eds.), Popular Catholicism in a World Church: Seven Case Studies in Inculturation, Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1999, pp. 315. (US $ 24.00) (Available at St. Pauls, Mumbai).
This book is the result of a three-year project administered by the Maryknoll Center for Mission Study and Research in which a team of scholars investigated the faces of popular Catholicism in seven different locations and explored the variety of forms in which Catholicism presents itself. The result of their studies is worth reading for both Catholic and Protestant students of mission and inculturation.
4. Dorr, Donal, Faith at Work: A Spirituality of Leadership, Collegeville, Minnesota: Liturgical Press, 2006, pp. 171. (US $ 14.95) (Available at St. Pauls, Mumbai).
In this book the author proposes a spirituality that supports authentic leadership and provides a model of effective, humane leadership for the business world, public service and politics. He describes four different kinds of leaders and outlines five styles or manners in which good leadership is exercised.
5. Fox, Frampton F., Violence and Peace: Creating a Culture of Peace in the Contemporary Context of Violence, Pune: UBS, Centre for Mission Studies and Bangalore: Asian Trading Corporation, 2010, pp.392. (Rs.300/-)
The context of the recent religious violence in Orissa and the terrorist attacks in Mumbai set the flavour of this emotionally charged meeting of Christian scholars from various disciplines. Each chapter explores the contradictory yet prevalent question of how to become peacemakers in a world filled with intense and diverse forms of violence. Writers focused on themes such as religious violence, persecution, terrorism, war, and domestic violence.
Dr. Joy Thomas, SVD (Director)
Please forward this Mission Scan to any of your friends and acquaintances.